Sometimes knowing and not knowing the basic survival skills and treatments for ailments and injuries can create the difference of a simple wound and a critical injury. So here are some survival skills and treatment skills that everyone needs to know in their life.
Scrapes and cuts are unavoidable in day to day life. Not only you need the proper equipment to treat them but also need the right skills. Those who constantly face survival situations such as scouts face these kind of injuries often. At such an instance the knowledge gained from a first aid refresher course can get you out of many accidents. Wounds need to be properly cleaned with clean water or disinfectant before dressing them. Larger wounds can cause too much blood loss and in order to prevent this try to keep the injured area elevated or apply pressure. Visit this link https://adelaidesafetytraining.com.au/first-aid-training-course/ for more info on first aid refresher course Adelaide.
Makeshift Sling/ Splint
Broken bones or sprains sometimes requires you to immobilize the affected body part at least till you get medical attention. This will ensure less movement on the injured area thus preventing further damage. These can be made out of everyday items. A sling can be created using a square shaped piece of cloth folded diagonally in a triangular shape. For splints, find a hard object – a board, a stick etc.- that is longer than the injured area. Pad the injured area using a soft material and then tie the splint to it.
Completing a CPR course can give you many benefits, especially in life threatening situations. When treating a victim who is not breathing first start with chest compressions. Put your hands on their chest, with fingers interlaced and compress the chest at least 2 inches. Then tilting the head and the chin of the victim, pinch their nostrils and seal their mouth with yours. Give a big breath to make the chest rise. Alternate this step with chest compressions till the victim starts breathing or is looked over by a paramedic.
The first step is to stop contact with the heat. In case of catching fire, help the victim to “stop, drop and roll” and it will put out the flames. Take off restrictive clothes and other pieces such as jewelry. Cool the burn by immersing in or holding under running cool water. Cover the area with a non-adhesive bandage or a clean piece of clothing. Never use any kind of ointment on burns as this can cause infections. To relieve the pain, try to give some pain relieving medicine such as ibuprofen or naproxen (Tylenol). You might come across situations where you won’t be able to get to a hospital at time. In such situations knowing these skills can help you to treat victims of accidents immediately in the correct way.